My first book, The Ties That Divide: Ethnic Politics, Foreign Policy and International Conflict  (Columbia University Press) is available at and the usual outlets.

This book became relevant again recently as the recognition of Kosovo brought the international relations of secession back into focus.  The book demonstrates that vulnerability to secession does not deter countries from supporting separatist movements.  Instead, countries will take sides with those groups within their key constituents share ethnic ties.



My second book, with Bill Ayres, For Kin or Country: Xenophobia, Nationalism and War After Communism, (Columbia U Press) is now out at the usual places.    It criticizes the cottage industry that gives NATO and EU too much credit for the peaceful transitions of part of Eastern Europe.  Instead, we argue that nationalism is more complex than often argued and that xenophobia can inhibit aggression.


I have a third book, edited with Marie-Jolle Zahar: Intra-State Conflict, Governments and Security: Dilemmas of Deterrence and Assurance.  (London: Routledge). This was the results of a workshop at McGill, and includes contributions by Christian Davenport, Scott Gates, Stathis Kalyvas, Pat James, Andre Lecours, Mansoob Murshed, Roger Petersen, Sarah-Myriam Martin-Brl, and various co-authors.  The focus here was on the dual role governments play--as deterrents against potentially violent actors but also as the greatest potential threat to their citizens.